Background. Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus (ESCC) is one of the ten most common cancers in Taiwan. Surgical resection is the mainstay of the treatment. Young patients with ESCC are reported to have poor surgical outcome. This retrospective and comparative study is to evaluate the clinicopathologic difference and survival between young and elderly patients. Methods. From January 1985 to December 2000, totally 797 patients with esophageal cancer received esophagectomy with reconstruction at our institution. Among them, 12 patients who received neoadjuvant concurrent chemo-radiotherapy followed by esophagectomy were excluded from this study. The other 785 patients were divided into two groups. Group I included 67 patients aged 50 or younger (8.5%) and group II included 718 patients aged over 50 years (91.5%). The clinical data were collected by chart review and follow-up data were collected through outpatient department record or telephone contact. These two groups were analyzed and compared regarding sex ratio, exposure to tobacco or alcohol, surgical mortality rate and 5-year survival rate. Results. There was no difference in gender distribution between young and old patients groups. More patients in the young patients group had the habits of alcohol and tobacco consumption than in the elder patients group. The surgical (30-day) mortality was 2.98% in the young patient group, and 5.43% in the elder group. The 5-year survival rate was better in young patients group than in elder patients group but there was no statistical significance. Survival in young patients group was significantly related to TNM staging system. Conclusions. More young patients with ESCC had the habit of smoking and drinking. There was no statistical difference between the groups in clinical variables, surgical mortality and survival. The survival rate was significantly related to the TNM tumor stage.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the Chinese Medical Association|
|State||Published - May 2003|
- Squamous cell carcinoma