Suppression of interfacial reaction for HfO2 on silicon by pre-CF4 plasma treatment

Chao Sung Lai*, Woei Cherng Wu, Tien-Sheng Chao, Jian Hao Chen, Jer Chyi Wang, Li Lin Tay, Nelson Rowell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


In this letter, the effects of pre-CF4 plasma treatment on Si for sputtered HfO2 gate dielectrics are investigated. The significant fluorine was incorporated at the HfO2/Si substrate interface for a sample with the CF4 plasma pretreatment. The Hf silicide was suppressed and Hf-F bonding was observed for the CF4 plasma pretreated sample. Compared with the as-deposited sample, the effective oxide thickness was much reduced for the pre-CF4 plasma treated sample due to the elimination of the interfacial layer between HfO2 and Si substrate. These improved characteristics of the HfO2 gate dielectrics can be explained in terms of the fluorine atoms blocking oxygen diffusion through the HfO2 film into the Si substrate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number072904
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number7
StatePublished - 25 Aug 2006


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