Suppressing Threshold Voltage Drift in Sub-2 nm In2O3Transistors with Improved Thermal Stability

Kris K.H. Lin, Li Cheng Teng, Tzu Ting Weng, Tzu Jie Lin, Jian Cun Lin, Shin Yuan Wang, Po Hsun Ho, Wei Yen Woon, Chi Chung Kei, Tsung Te Chou, Chao Hsin Chien*, Der Hsien Lien*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ultrathin In2O3 films with a thickness of less than 2 nm have emerged as highly intriguing semiconductor channels owing to their exceptional electronic properties. However, their process reliability, particularly the challenge of threshold voltage ( $V_{\text {T}}$ ) drift during gate-stack processing, hinders their potential applications in back-end-of-line (BEOL). This study explores the $V_{\text {T}}$ shift induced by stacked HfO2, showing both thermal atomic layer deposition (T-ALD) and plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PE-ALD) cause significant $V_{\text {T}}$ shift in ultrathin In2O3. To mitigate $V_{\text {T}}$ shift, we introduce a pre-dielectric stacking, solution-based treatment, which can effectively passivate oxygen-related defects in ultrathin In2O3, maintaining $V_{\text {T}}$ without adversely affecting electrical properties. Utilizing this technique, we have successfully demonstrated the first top-gate In2O3 transistor without the requirement of post-fabrication annealing to uphold the on/off ratio. The developed top-gate device also exhibits superior thermal stability, suggesting its potential for future monolithic 3D integration applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-63
Number of pages4
JournalIeee Electron Device Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024


  • Indium oxide
  • atomic layer deposition
  • hydrogen peroxide
  • thermal stability
  • threshold voltage
  • top-gate transistor


Dive into the research topics of 'Suppressing Threshold Voltage Drift in Sub-2 nm In2O3Transistors with Improved Thermal Stability'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this