Substrate-triggered ESD protection circuit without extra process modification

Ming-Dou Ker*, Tung Yang Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Scopus citations


    A substrate-triggered technique is proposed to improve electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection efficiency of ESD protection circuits without extra salicide blocking and ESD-implantation process modifications in a salicided shallow-trench-isolation CMOS process. By using the layout technique, the whole ESD protection circuit can be merged into a compact device structure to enhance the substrate-triggered efficiency. This substrate-triggered design can increase ESD robustness and reduce the trigger voltage of the ESD protection device. This substrate-triggered ESD protection circuit with a field oxide device of channel width of 150 μm can sustain a human-body-model ESD level of 3250 V without any extra process modification. Comparing to the traditional ESD protection design of gate-grounded nMOS (ggnMOS) with silicide-blocking process modification in a 0.25-μm salicided CMOS process, the proposed substrate-triggered design without extra process modification can improve ESD robustness per unit silicon area from the original 1.2 V / μm2 of ggnMOS to 1.73 V / μm2.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)295-302
    Number of pages8
    JournalIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - 1 Feb 2003


    • ESD protection circuits
    • Electrostatic discharge (ESD)
    • Gate-coupled technique
    • Substrate-triggered technique


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