Structural variations in the ternary system HfAl2-xCu x (x = 0.2-1.0)

Wen Heng Huang, Chi-Shen Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Synthesized ternary intermetallic phases HfAl2-xCux in a series with (x = 0.49, 0.88, 1.04) are characterized as Laves phase structures. X-ray diffraction revealed homogeneity within ranges 0.2 ≤ x ≤ 0.5 and 0.7 ≤ x ≤ 0.9 for structure types MgCu2 and MgNi 2, respectively. When Cu atoms gradually replaced the Al atoms, the structure type altered in the sequence MgCu2 → MgNi2 → MgZn2, and the Kagomé nets were distorted with varied bond lengths. Measurements of physical properties revealed these phases to be metallic, with resistances 4.35 (x = 0.5), 5.85 (x = 0.7), and 6.50 (x = 0.9) mΩ cm, respectively, at temperature 300 K. The coloring schemes reveal that, upon increasing the proportion of Cu atoms, the stability of these phases correlated with the arrangements of the Al and Cu atoms. Calculated electronic structures indicate that the bonding character is consistent with the experimentally observed phase width.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1849-1856
Number of pages8
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2011


  • A. Laves phase
  • B. crystal chemistry of intermetallics
  • C. crystallography
  • D. electrical resistance
  • E. electronic structure
  • calculation


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