Structural transition of silicene on Ag(111)

Ryuichi Arafune*, Chun-Liang Lin, Kazuaki Kawahara, Noriyuki Tsukahara, Emi Minamitani, Yousoo Kim, Noriaki Takagi, Maki Kawai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

167 Scopus citations


Low energy electron diffraction (LEED), low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and density functional theory (DFT) based calculations were used to determine the evolution of the silicene structure on a Ag(111) surface. The phase diagram of the structure was obtained using LEED patterns. The corresponding atomic arrangements were confirmed using STM observations. Results show that the structure of silicene is controlled by the substrate temperature during deposition. Finally, we succeeded in synthesizing silicene on silicene/Ag(111), i.e. bilayer silicene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-300
Number of pages4
JournalSurface Science
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2013


  • LEED
  • Silicene
  • STM
  • Surface structure


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