Structural, Photophysical, and Transport Properties of Porous MAPbBr3 Single Nanowire and Nanodevice for Electrochemical Sensing

Chun Yu Li, Muthaiah Shellaiah, Kien Wen Sun*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this paper, we report synthesis of porous methylammonium lead tribromide (MAPbBr3) nanowires via self-template-directed method with dimensions of 13 ± 3 μm in length and 700 ± 100 nm in width. The perovskite single nanowires with correct compositions are demonstrated uniform in crystallinity and high in porosity by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of a single nanowire display a linear behavior (Ohmic contact) from 300 K to 83 K with an average conductivity of 57.82 ± 4.8 S cm−1, a hole concentration of 5.98 × 1018 cm−3, and hole mobility of 60.33 cm2V−1S−1 at 300 K. The single porous nanowire not only displays resistivity of approximately five orders of magnitude lower than those of previous reported values but is also stable and insensitive to the environment’s effects. Moreover, conductivity of porous nanowires can be modulated via the doping or substituting mechanisms when encountering heavy metal ions. The single nanowire device is applied as an electrochemical sensor in detecting four metal ions (Cu2+, Co2+, Hg2+, and Fe3+). The wide dynamic range in electrical conductivity of this porous single nanowire makes it a potential candidate for metal ion sensing with great sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number077505
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume170
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

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