Background/Purpose: Porphyromonas gingivalis is an oral pathogen associated with periodontal diseases. P. gingivalis GroEL protein is a stimulator of inflammatory cytokines in macrophages. This study inspected effects of P. gingivalis GroEL protein on production of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 by human osteoblasts. Methods: Viability of GroEL-treated osteoblasts was analyzed with 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide. Secretion of IL-6 and IL-8 was analyzed using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Levels of mRNA were analyzed using the reverse transcription and real-time polymerase chain reaction. The antioxidant (curcumin), the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor (SB203580) and the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor (SP600125) were employed to elucidate possible signaling pathways involved. Results: Treatment with GroEL did not affect morphology and viability of osteoblasts. GroEL significantly induced the secretion of IL-6 and IL-8 by osteoblasts in a concentration-dependent pattern. Moreover, the mRNA levels of IL-6 and IL-8 were stimulated by GroEL. The application of SP600125 (10 μM) significantly suppressed the induction of IL-6 and IL-8 by GroEL-treated cells. However, curcumin (20 μM) and SB203580 (20 μM) only down-regulated the stimulatory effects of GroEL on IL-6. Conclusion: GroEL protein stimulated the inflammatory reaction of osteoblasts, probably through the activation of p38 MAPK or JNK pathway. The findings suggest that P. gingivalis GroEL may influence the immune functions of osteoblasts and endanger the periodontal health.
- GroEL protein
- Porphyromonas gingivalis