Stereotactic radiosurgery for hypervascular intracranial tumors

Cheng Chia Lee*, Chun Lung Chou, Ching Jen Chen, Huai Che Yang, Hsiu Mei Wu, Cheng Ying Shiau, David Hung Chi Pan, Wen Yuh Chung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of SRS treatment of central neurocytomas (CNCs), cavernous sinus hemangiomas (CSHs), and glomus tumors (GTs); and to compare upfront stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and adjuvant SRS in the treatment of these hypervascular tumors. Methods: This was a retrospective review of consecutive CNCs, CSHs, and GTs treated with SRS between 1993 and 2017. Tumor response was categorized based on volumetric analysis on magnetic resonance imaging: (1) tumor regression [> 10% decrease in tumor volume (TV)]; (2) stable tumor (≤ 10% change in TV); or (3) tumor progression (> 10% increase in TV). Results: Sixty hypervascular tumors (CNC: 28; CSH: 16; GT: 16) underwent SRS between 1993 and 2017. Margin doses were 13 Gy, 12 Gy, and 14 Gy for CNCs, CSHs, and GTs, respectively. Tumor regression was observed in 54 tumors (90%) with initial SRS after a median follow-up of 82 months. Relative reductions in TVs for CNCs were 38%, 52%, and 73% at 12, 24, and 48 months, respectively. Relative reductions in TVs for CSHs were 51%, 68%, and 88% at 12, 24, and 48 months, respectively. Relative reductions in TVs for GTs were 22%, 31%, and 47% at 12, 24, and 48 months, respectively. Upfront SRS was performed in 26 patients (43%). No difference in relative TV reductions were found between upfront and adjuvant SRS. Adverse radiation effects were observed in five patients. No mortality was encountered. Conclusion: SRS for hypervascular tumors is associated with high rates of tumor regression with low risk of complications. No significant difference in rates of relative TV reduction were found between upfront and adjuvant SRS. Hence, upfront SRS may be considered in select patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)547-558
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neuro-Oncology
Volume140
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Cavernous sinus hemangioma
  • Central neurocytoma
  • Gamma Knife
  • Glomus tumor
  • Hypervascular
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery

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