Spectral dependence of light absorption and direct radiative forcing of the TSP, PM10, PM2.5 and PM0.1 in a rural region of northwestern China

Yao Qu, Huikun Liu, Yue Zhou, Wenting Dai, Julian Shi, Nan Wang, Yingqiang Shi, Chongshu Zhu*, Chuenjinn Tsai, Junji Cao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Black carbon (BC) and brown carbon (BrC) are major light absorbing components of aerosol, affecting visibility, radiative forcing balance and human health. In this study, we investigated the light absorption and radiative forcing of carbonaceous aerosol in the total suspended particle (TSP), coarse particle (PM10: particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 10 μm, Dp ≤ 10 μm), fine particle (PM2.5: Dp ≤ 2.5 μm), and nanoparticle (PM0.1: Dp ≤ 0.1 μm) in a rural area of Guanzhong Plain, China. Similar variations of the absorption Ångstrom exponent (AAE) of TSP, PM10, and PM2.5 were observed. Lower light absorption coefficients and higher AAEs were obtained for PM0.1 compared with other particle sizes. The direct radiative forcing (DRE) efficiency of BC decreased with size bins of TSP, PM10, PM2.5, and PM0.1, respectively. The DRE of BCs for all particle sizes at top atmosphere (TOA), surface atmosphere (SUF) and the whole atmosphere (ATM) were estimated. The optical properties of primary and secondary BrC (PBrC and SBrC) in PM0.1 were further analyzed. The AAE values indicated that the light absorbing of SBrC was more wavelength dependent than PBrC in PM0.1. The DRE of BC, PBrC, and SBrC in PM0.1 were estimated firstly with the values of 19.9 Wm-2, 2.1 Wm-2, and 1.1 Wm-2 in the ATM, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119417
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume292
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Black carbon
  • Brown carbon
  • Light absorption
  • Nanoparticle
  • Radiative forcing

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