Compared to organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), solid-state light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs) exhibit simple single-layered structure and low operating voltages due to in situ electrochemical doped layers. However, device efficiencies of LECs are usually lower than those of sophisticatedly designed OLEDs. Furthermore, device efficiencies and lifetimes of LECs degrade significantly as brightness increases. In this work, we demonstrate tandem LECs to obtain nearly doubled light outputs (μW cm -2) in comparison with single-layered LECs under similar current densities. Since the output EL emission is modified by microcavity effect of the device structure, the EL spectra of tandem LECs exhibit EL emission peak at ca. 625 nm while the EL spectra of single-layered LECs center at ca. 660 nm. Better spectral overlap between the EL spectrum of tandem LECs and the luminosity function results in further enhanced candela values, rendering a tripled brightness (cd m-2). The device efficiencies can be optimized by adjusting the thickness of the connecting layer between the two emitting units of the tandem devices. The peak external quantum efficiency achieved in tandem LECs is up to 5.83%, which is higher than twice of that obtained in single-layered LECs due to improved carrier balance. When single-layered and tandem LECs are biased under higher voltages to reach similarly higher brightness, tandem LECs show higher device efficiencies and longer lifetimes simultaneously. These results indicate that device efficiencies and lifetimes of LECs can be improved by employing a tandem device structure.
- Light-emitting electrochemical cells