Smartphone gaming and frequent use pattern associated with smartphone addiction

Chun Hao Liu, Sheng-Hsuan Lin, Yuan Chien Pan, Yu Hsuan Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations


The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors of smartphone addiction in high school students. A total of 880 adolescents were recruited from a vocational high school in Taiwan in January 2014 to complete a set of questionnaires, including the 10-item Smartphone Addiction Inventory, Chen Internet Addiction Scale, and a survey of content and patterns of personal smartphone use. Of those recruited, 689 students (646 male) aged 14 to 21 and who owned a smartphone completed the questionnaire. Multiple linear regression models were used to determine the variables associated with smartphone addiction. Smartphone gaming and frequent smartphone use were associated with smartphone addiction. Furthermore, both the smartphone gaming-predominant and gaming with multiple-applications groups showed a similar association with smartphone addiction. Gender, duration of owning a smartphone, and substance use were not associated with smartphone addiction. Our findings suggest that smartphone use patterns should be part of specific measures to prevent and intervene in cases of excessive smartphone use.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere4068
JournalMedicine (United States)
Issue number28
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2016


  • internet addiction
  • smartphone addiction
  • smartphone gaming


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