Smart ensemble machine learner with hyperparameter-free for predicting bond capacity of FRP-to-concrete interface: Multi-national data

Wei Chih Wang, Ngoc Mai Nguyen, Minh-Tu Cao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Determining the bond capacity of a (fiber-reinforced polymer) FRP-to-concrete interface is important for the design task in repairing or rehabilitating concrete structures in infrastructure. This paper presents a novel framework for creating a hyperparameter-free ensemble model and, using an equilibrium optimizer (EO), demonstrates a radial basis function neural network (RBFNN) and least square support vector regression (LSVR). A new model, the metaheuristic-optimized neuron-vector machine inference model (MNVIM), was used for the accurate estimation of FRP-to-concrete interfacial bond capacity. The MNVIM was constructed using the EO algorithm to blend RBFNN and LSVR adaptively. In the MNVIM framework, the EO is involved in the learning phases of the RBFNN and the LSVR by giving an appropriate set of hyperparameters for the two constituent models, including the number of hidden neurons and the Gaussian impact value of RBFNN, as well as the regularization coefficient and kernel parameter. Simultaneously, EO adaptively adjusts linear combination weight values to blend the prediction values of RBFNN and LSVR. Statistical results from ten runs show that the newly developed model achieved the most desired evaluation criteria, namely, root mean square error (RMSE) (3.989 kN), mean absolute (MAE) (2.632 kN), mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) (15.56%), and R-square (0.839). The t-test statistical measurement further confirms that the prediction accuracy of MNVIM is significantly better than other artificial intelligence (AI) models and sixteen common mathematical approaches. These analytical results indicate that MNVIM is a promising tool for estimating bonding strength; thus, it significantly increases construction safety in concrete element repair/rehabilitation-related engineering design using FRP.

Original languageEnglish
Article number128158
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume345
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Bonding strength
  • Fiber-reinforced polymer
  • Metaheuristic optimization
  • Neural network
  • Structure repair/rehabilitation ensemble model
  • Support vector regression

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