Simple bare gold nanoparticles for rapid colorimetric detection of Cr3+ ions in aqueous medium with real sample applications

Muthaiah Shellaiah, Turibius Simon, Kien-Wen Sun*, Fu-Hsiang Ko

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


Facile bare gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were synthesized via borohydride reduction method and evidenced the colorimetric sensor selectivity to Cr3+ ions among Na+, Ni2+, Fe3+, Cd2+, Cr3+, K+, Cu2+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Ga3+, Fe2+, Ba2+, Al3+ Ag+, Co2+, Zn2+, Pb2+, Mn2+ and Hg2+ ions. The color of bare AuNPs changed rapidly from red to blue via Cr3+ induced aggregation. These Cr3+-induced aggregation of bare AuNPs were monitored by naked eye and using UV-vis spectroscopy. The SPR absorbance (654 nm) of the reaction between bare AuNPs and Cr3+ showed a good linearity with a low detection limit of 13.42 nM. The optimal detection of Cr3+ was achieved between pH ranges from 5 to 11 and its reversibility was well established with EDTA. In addition, the bare AuNPs which were successfully applied for the detection of Cr3+ in tap and lake water displays low interference.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-51
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2016


  • Bare gold nanoparticles
  • Colorimetric sensor
  • Cr
  • Real sample analysis


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