Silicide formation with Pd-V alloys and bilayers

J. W. Mayer*, S. S. Lau, King-Ning Tu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Solid phase reactions in the temperature range between 250 and 600 °C between Si and V-Pd bilayers as well as alloy layers have been studied by MeV 4 He + backscattering and x-ray diffraction techniques. When a Pd layer is interposed between Si and V, the bilayer system starts to react at <300 °C with the formation of Pd 2 Si. Annealing at higher temperatures (∼600 °C) leads to a uniform layer of VSi 2 formed on top of the Pd 2 Si. Reversing the bilayer sequence (Si/V/Pd) raises the reaction temperature of the system to ∼500 °C with V mixing into the Pd layer. Annealing at higher temperature leads to the formation and accumulation of Pd 2 Si at the interface and a mixed (nonuniform) structure of Pd 2 Si and VSi 2 in the outer surface region. For a Pd-rich alloy (Pd 80 V 20 ), a reaction started at about 300 °C and produced Pd 2 Si by depleting Pd from the alloy. This resulted in a mixed structure of Pd 2 Si and VSi 2 in the outer region, similar to the final stage of the Si/V/Pd system. For a V-rich alloy (Pd 90 V 10 ), the formation temperature of Pd 2 Si is raised to ∼500 °C and again leads to a mixed structure. The amount of accumulation of Pd 2 Si at the substrate-silicide interface increases with the Pd content in the alloy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5855-5859
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1979


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