Serum pepsinogen as a predictor for gastric cancer death A 16-year community-based cohort study

Tsung Hsien Chiang, Sherry Yueh Hsia Chiu, Sam Li Sheng Chen, Amy Ming Fang Yen, Jean Ching Yuan Fann, Cheng Ying Liu, Chu Kuang Chou, Han Mo Chiu, Chia Tung Shun, Ming Shiang Wu, Jaw Town Lin, Yi Chia Lee*, Tony Hsiu Hsi Chen, Ming Wei Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Goals: The purpose of this article is to validate the long-term association between initial serum pepsinogen (PG) measurements and subsequent gastric cancer-specific deaths from a long-term longitudinal cohort. Background: Endoscopic surveillance can be effective and efficient in reducing gastric cancer mortality if a biomarker such as serum PG is available to identify high-risk individuals and if the biomarker also is specific to gastric cancer risk. Study: Between 1995 and 1998, a gastric cancer-screening program was conducted in a high-risk population: The first stage involved PG testing, and the second stage involved upper endoscopy. The outcome was gastric cancer death, which was monitored until December 31, 2010; results were expressed as the hazard ratio (HR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) using the Cox proportional hazards regression model. Other causes of death were used as comparators. Results: Among participants (n=3514) aged ≥30 years, 1682 (47.9%) were screened to determine serum PG levels. After 16 years of followup, 14 deaths from gastric cancer were documented. Multivariate analyses adjusted for age, sex, and Helicobacter pylori serological positivity showed that PG-I <30 μg/L and PG-I <30 μg/L or PG-I/II ratio <3 were significantly associated with the risk of gastric cancer death (HR, 3.27; 95% CI, 1.11-9.61 and HR, 3.45; 95% CI, 1.18-10.12, respectively). In contrast, there were no significant associations between PG and other causes of death, including neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases. Conclusion: This long-term cohort study shows the usefulness of PG measurement as a biomarker that is specific to the risk of gastric cancer death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E186-E193
JournalJournal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2019


  • Endoscopy
  • Gastric cancer
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Pepsinogen
  • Screening


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