Serial Morphological Transformations of Au Nanocrystals via Post-Synthetic Galvanic Dissolution and Recursive Growth

Chih Wen Yang, Shih Cheng Hsu, Mei Ying Chung, Mei Chun Tseng, Te Wei Chiu, Chun Hong Kuo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Geometric modification of Au nanostructures is typically achieved in multistep reactions, where synthesis parameters need to be well-controlled. In this work, we report a facile method using IrCl3 to refine morphologically diverse Au nanostructures and trigger their morphological transformations. The synthesis is accomplished at room temperature by an iterative process of galvanic dissolution and recursive growth. Seeds retrieved after the dissolution of different Au nanostructure archetypes served in the structural recovery and morphological transformation via rapid and slow regrowth, respectively. The rapid regrowth was accomplished by adding ascorbic acid (AA), while the slow regrowth occurred spontaneously. In the structural recovery, the nanostructures regrew back to their original morphologies. Improvements in the shape quality and size distributions were observed for the rapid regrowth case. In the spontaneous slow regrowth transformation, the resulting nanostructures were encased by {111} facets, minimizing total surface energy through the more closely packed planes. Transformation of the four nanostructure archetypes showed correlation, trending toward these lower indexed facets and to twinned structures (from RDs to OCTs, OCTs to TPs, and TPs to PSs). Surveying all observations, our work of the metal cation-mediated geometric modulation of Au nanostructures delivers important clues in understanding nanoparticle synthesis and provides a new path for the fabrication of nanocrystals with high-quality size and shape distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29006-29014
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number52
StatePublished - 31 Dec 2015


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