Sequential isolation of metabolites and lipids from a single sample to achieve multiomics by using TRIzol reagent

Cheng Yen Kao, Chung Te Chang, Pei Yun Kuo, Chia Jen Lin, Huai Hsuan Chiu, Hsiao Wei Liao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Simultaneous extraction of various types of biomolecule from a single sample can be beneficial for multiomics studies of unique specimens. An efficient and convenient sample preparation approach must be developed that can comprehensively isolate and extract biomolecules from one sample. TRIzol reagent is widely used in biological studies for DNA, RNA, and protein isolation. This study evaluated the feasibility of using TRIzol reagent for the simultaneous isolation of not only DNA, RNA, and proteins but also metabolites and lipids from a single sample. Through the comparison of known metabolites and lipids obtained using the conventional methanol (MeOH) and methyl-tert-butyl ether (MTBE) extraction methods, we determined the presence of metabolites and lipids in the supernatant during TRIzol sequential isolation. Finally, we performed untargeted metabolomics and lipidomics to examine metabolite and lipid alterations associated with the jhp0417 mutation in Helicobacter pylori by using the TRIzol sequential isolation protocol and MeOH and MTBE extraction methods. Metabolites and lipids with significant differences isolated using the TRIzol sequential isolation protocol were consistent with those obtained using the conventional MeOH and MTBE extraction methods. These results indicated that TRIzol reagent can be used to simultaneously isolate metabolites and lipids from a single sample. Thus, TRIzol reagent can be used in biological and clinical research, especially in multiomics studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124416
JournalTalanta
Volume258
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • Lipidomics
  • Metabolomics
  • Multiomics
  • Sequential isolation
  • TRIzol

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