Self- and rater-assessed effectiveness of "thinking-aloud" and "regular" morning report to intensify young physicians' clinical skills

Hui Chi Hsu, Fa Yauh Lee, Ying Ying Yang*, Yen Po Tsao, Wen Shin Lee, Chiao Lin Chuang, Ching Chih Chang, Chia Chang Huang, Chin Chou Huang, Shung Tai Ho

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: This study compared the effects of the "thinking aloud" (TA) morning report (MR), which is characterized by sequential and interactive case discussion by all participants, with "regular" MR for clinical skill training of young physicians. Methods: Between February 2011 and February 2014, young physicians [including postgraduate year-1 (PGY1) residents, interns, and clerks) from our hospital were sequentially enrolled and followed for 3 months. The self- and rater-assessed educational values of two MR models for building up clinical skills of young physicians were compared. Results: The junior (intern and clerk) attendees had higher self-assessed educational values scores and reported post-training application frequency of skills trained by TA MR compared with the senior (PGY1 resident) attendees. Higher average and percentage of increased overall rater-assessed OSCE scores were noted among the regular MR senior attendees and TA MR junior attendees than in their corresponding control groups (regular MR junior attendees and TA MR senior attendees). Interestingly, regular MRs provided additional beneficial effects for establishing the "professionalism, consulting skills and organization efficiency" aspects of clinical skills of senior/junior attendees. Moreover, senior and junior attendees benefited the most by participating in seven sessions of regular MR and TA MR each month, respectively. Conclusion: TA MR effectively trains junior attendees in basic clinical skills, whereas regular MR enhances senior attendees' "work reports, professionalism, organizational efficiency, skills in dealing with controversial and professional issues." Undoubtedly, all elements of the two MR models should be integrated together to ensure patient safety and good discipline among young physicians.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-554
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Chinese Medical Association
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2015


  • Basic clinical skills
  • Morning report
  • Thinking aloud


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