Seasonal variation in the frequency of sudden cardiac death and ventricular tachyarrhythmia in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy: The effect of meteorological factors

Fa Po Chung, Hsin Ru Li, Eric Chong, Chih Hsin Pan, Yenn Jiang Lin, Shih Lin Chang, Li Wei Lo, Yu Feng Hu, Ta Chuan Tuan, Tze Fan Chao, Jo Nan Liao, Wen Yu Lin, Kai Ping Shaw, Shih Ann Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the most catastrophic presentation in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C). Objectives To investigate the seasonal variations in the frequency of SCD and ventricular tachyarrhythmia in patients with AVRD/C and to elucidate the meteorological factors that trigger these events. Methods From 1998 to 2012, we enrolled 88 consecutive patients with ARVD/C from Taipei City. The cohort included 20 living patients who received implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) and 68 autopsied patients with SCD from the Taiwan National Forensic Institute registry. The baseline clinical characteristics, seasonal distribution, and associated meteorological factors were explored to predict the occurrences of events, which include appropriate ICD interventions and SCD. Results There were 106 events, including 38 (35.8%, 1.9 episodes per patient) appropriate ICD interventions in living patients with ARVD/C and 68 (64.2%) SCD events. The seasonal peak occurred predominantly in summer (P <.05) in both groups. For meteorological factors, the onset of event was associated with higher average daily temperature and longer sunshine duration. The variation in humidity within 3 days of events was significantly increased. After multivariate logistic regression analysis, higher average daily temperature and larger variation in humidity were associated with increase in events (odds ratio 1.23, 95% confidence interval 1.16-1.31, P <.001, and odds ratio 1.19, 95% confidence interval 1.15-1.23, P <.001, respectively). Conclusions There was seasonal variation with a summer peak in the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias and SCD in patients with ARVD/C. Meteorological factors including higher temperature and larger variation in humidity within 3 days of events were independently associated with the development of events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1859-1866
Number of pages8
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy
  • Meteorological factors
  • Seasonal variation
  • Sudden cardiac death
  • Ventricular tachyarrhythmia

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Seasonal variation in the frequency of sudden cardiac death and ventricular tachyarrhythmia in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy: The effect of meteorological factors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this