ROS-Triggered Gel-Sol Transition and Kinetics-Controlled Cargo Release by Methionine-Containing Peptides

Yoshika Hara, Atsuya Yaguchi, Hirotsugu Hiramatsu, Takahiro Muraoka*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The gel-sol transition of self-assembling peptides is a useful switch for environment-dependent drug release. For their applications, kinetics control of the responses is important for matching the velocity of release to the target biological events. Here we demonstrate the chemical control of redox-triggered gel-sol transition kinetics of self-assembling peptides by altering the amino acid sequence. Amphiphilic peptides were developed in which a methionine residue was located in the middle (JigSAP-IMI) or near the N terminus (JigSAP-MII). Both peptides formed hydrogels under physiological conditions—forming β-sheet-based supramolecular nanofibers. In contrast, the oxidized forms remained in the solution state under identical conditions—adopting α-helix-rich secondary structures. Upon oxidation with H2O2, a reactive oxygen species, JigSAP-MII showed a faster gel-to-sol transition and cargo-releasing than JigSAP-IMI, thus indicating that the phase-transition and releasing kinetics of self-assembling peptides can be rationally controlled by the position of the reactive amino acid residue.

Original languageEnglish
JournalChemBioChem
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • amphiphiles
  • gels
  • methionine
  • oxidation
  • peptides

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