Role of defects in the photoluminescence and photoresponse of WS2–graphene heterodevices

Min Wen Yu, Yu Tang Lin, Chia Hung Wu, Tung Jung Wang, Jhuang Hao Cyue, Jun Kikkawa, Satoshi Ishii, Tien Chang Lu, Kuo Ping Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenides are promising materials for next-generation photodetectors. Therefore, controlling point chalcogen vacancies in chemical vapor deposition (CVD) synthesis is inevitable. In this work, the number of sulfur vacancies in monolayer WS2 flakes is well controlled in CVD synthesis, which resulted in a photoluminescence (PL) intensity difference. In addition, the relationship between the PL intensity and photoresponse of monolayer WS2 on graphene is discussed. The sulfur vacancies introduce defect trap states that cause carrier recombination and reduce carrier drift to graphene, thus decreasing the photocurrent. Furthermore, the gate-tunable Fermi level of graphene allows tunable responsivity of the WS2–graphene photodetector of up to 5 A/W with metal hard-mask fabrication. Our findings on the PL intensity and responsivity provide a simple and efficient strategy for choosing high-performance CVD-synthesized 2D TMD photodetectors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number158541
JournalApplied Surface Science
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024


  • Graphene
  • Photodetector
  • Photoluminescence
  • Sulfur vacancy
  • Tungsten disulfide (WS)


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