Risk factors of first and recurrent genitourinary tract infection in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with SGLT2 inhibitors: A retrospective cohort study

Yi Hsuan Lin, Chia Hung Lin, Yu Yao Huang, An Shun Tai, Shih Chen Fu, Szu Tah Chen, Sheng Hsuan Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: This retrospective study investigated the risk factors of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) -related genitourinary tract infection (GUTI). Methods: We used longitudinal claims data from May 2016 to December 2017 from the Chang Gung Research Database. Diabetic patients who used SGLT2i were included. The baseline characteristics risk factors between patients who had GUTI and no GUTI were analyzed. Results: There were 428(3.43%) patients with the first occurrence of urinary tract infection (UTI) and 5(0.04%) patients with genital tract infection (GTI). Female patients aged ≥ 65 years with HbA1c ≥ 9%, eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2, urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR) level ≥30 mg/g, dyslipidemia, diabetic microvascular complications and mood disorder had a higher risk of having the first occurrence of UTI. There was no significant risk factor of GTI. 117 UTI and 3 GTI patients received SGLT2i rechallenging. The recurrent UTI rate was 28.2% and no recurrent GTI was diagnosed. The risk factors included CHD, eGRF < 45 ml/min/1.73 m2, and mood disorder (OR, 95% CI: 4.39, 1.15–16.74; 4.11, 1.51–11.19; 5.93, 1.39–25.34, respectively). Conclusions: In diabetic patients who had underlying disease of eGRF < 45 ml/min/1.73 m2, CHD, and mood disorder had higher risk of recurrent UTI after rechallenging SGLT2i.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109816
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Volume186
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Genitourinary tract infection
  • Psychiatric disorder
  • Risk factors
  • Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors
  • Type 2 diabetes

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