Review of WEC-Sim Development and Applications

David Ogden, Kelley Ruehl, Yi-Hsiang Yu, Adam Keester, Dominic Forbush, Jorge Leon, Nathan Tom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


WEC-Sim (Wave Energy Converter Simulator) is an open-source code for simulating wave energy con-verters, which has been actively developed and applied to simulate a wide variety of device archetypes, and has become a popular tool since its release. This paper reviewed the development efforts and the usage of WEC-Sim. The publications considered in this study have been broken down into six topic areas, namely feature devel-opment, experimental validation, device modeling, control modeling, PTO and grid modeling, and novel applications, which even includes some non-wave energy applications. This review paper has also attempted to recognize the contributions of the broader WEC-Sim development effort, meaning not only the internal WEC-Sim development team but also the external efforts from the academia researchers and technology developers around the world. The growing trend of external applications of WEC-Sim has demonstrated the broader acceptance of the open-source code, and how WEC-Sim has been used in a certain topic area also highlights the potential future development needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-303
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Marine Energy Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 23 Dec 2022


  • Applications
  • Feature development
  • Numerical modelling
  • WEC-Sim
  • Wave energy


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