Resetting forwarding pointers with delay propagation schemes in a distributed HLR environment

Gwo Chuan Lee*, Tsan Pin Wang, Chien-Chao Tseng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


In this paper, we propose a new location tracking method for pointer forwarding with distributed HLRs schemes to decrease the location tracking cost. Similar to the distributed HLR schemes, the location information is replicated on all HLRs in our scheme. However, unlike the traditional distributed HLR schemes, we propagate the most recent location changes from an HLR to reset the forwarding pointers in other HLRs, and thus reduce the cost of location tracking for call deliveries. The signaling cost of location propagation may be too costly to be practical. Therefore, we allow some inconsistency to exist among the location data of HLRs and defer the propagation of location changes to reduce the propagation cost. Three delay propagation policies are also proposed and analyzed using simulation. The performance result shows that the delay propagation policies reduce the propagation cost and the propagation resetting process degrades the location tracking cost. Our method preserves a low total cost for call deliveries, registrations and propagations in distributed HLRs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1010-1018
Number of pages9
JournalIEICE Transactions on Communications
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2001


  • Data replication
  • Mobility databases
  • Mobility management
  • Personal communication services
  • Pointer forwarding


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