Rapid Synthesis of Benzimidazole-Fused Isoindoles by Rh(III)/Ru(II)-Catalyzed [4 + 1] Cascade C-H/N-H Annulation of 2-Arylbenzimidazoles with Alkynoates and Alkynamide

Ying Ti Huang, Indrajeet J. Barve, Ganesh P. Pawar, Chung Ming Sun*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

A Rh(III)-catalyzed [4 + 1] cyclization of 2-arylbenzimidazoles with alkynoates through C-H activation/ortho-alkenylation/intramolecular annulation cascade to obtain benzimidazole-fused isoindoles is reported. The reaction of the Rh catalyst and internal alkyne ester provides benzo[4,5]imidazo[2,1-a]isoindole acetate exclusively. Conversely, internal alkyne amide participates in the annulation process in the presence of a Ru catalyst to provide benzo[4,5]imidazo[2,1-a]isoindole acetamide. The alkyne acts as a C1 synthon and undergoes [4 + 1] cyclization rather than traditional [4 + 2] annulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10916-10924
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume88
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Aug 2023

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