Radiomics-Based Predictive Model of Radiation-Induced Liver Disease in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients Receiving Stereo-Tactic Body Radiotherapy

Po Chien Shen, Wen Yen Huang, Yang Hong Dai, Cheng Hsiang Lo, Jen Fu Yang, Yu Fu Su, Ying Fu Wang, Chia Feng Lu*, Chun Shu Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

(1) Background: The application of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) limited the risk of the radiation-induced liver disease (RILD) and we aimed to predict the occurrence of RILD more accurately. (2) Methods: 86 HCC patients were en-rolled. We identified key predictive factors from clinical, radiomic, and dose-volumetric parameters using a multivariate analysis, sequential forward selection (SFS), and a K-nearest neighbor (KNN) algorithm. We developed a predictive model for RILD based on these factors, using the random forest or logistic regression algorithms. (3) Results: Five key predictive factors in the training set were identified, including the albumin–bilirubin grade, difference average, strength, V5, and V30. After model training, the F1 score, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the final random forest model were 0.857, 100, 93.3, and 94.4% in the test set, respectively. Meanwhile, the logistic regression model yielded an F1 score, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 0.8, 66.7, 100, and 94.4% in the test set, respectively. (4) Conclusions: Based on clinical, radiomic, and dose-volumetric factors, our models achieved satisfactory performance on the prediction of the occurrence of SBRT-related RILD in HCC patients. Before undergoing SBRT, the proposed models may detect patients at high risk of RILD, allowing to assist in treatment strategies accordingly.

Original languageEnglish
Article number597
JournalBiomedicines
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • decision making
  • predictive model
  • radiation-induced liver disease
  • radiomics
  • stereotactic body radiation therapy

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