Propranolol modulates the collateral vascular responsiveness to vasopressin via a Gα-mediated pathway in portal hypertensive rats

Jing Yi Lee, Teh Ia Huo, Hui Chun Huang*, Fa Yauh Lee, Han Chieh Lin, Chiao Lin Chuang, Ching Chih Chang, Sun Sang Wang, Shou Dong Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gastro-oesophageal variceal haemorrhage is one of the most dreadful complications of portal hypertension and can be controlled with vasoconstrictors. Nevertheless, sympathetic tone abnormality and vascular hyporesponsiveness in portal hypertension may impede the haemostatic effects of vasoconstrictors. Propranolol, a β-blocker binding the G-protein-coupled adrenoceptor, is a portal hypotensive agent. However, whether propranolol influences the collateral vasoresponse is unknown. Portal hypertension was induced by PVL (portal vein ligation) in Sprague-Dawley rats. In an acute study with an in situ perfusion model, the collateral responsiveness to AVP (arginine vasopressin) was evaluated with vehicle, propranolol (10 μmol/l), propranolol plus suramin (100 μmol/l, a Gα inhibitor) or suramin pre-incubation. Gα mRNA expression in the splenorenal shunt, the most prominent intra-abdominal collateral vessel, was measured. In the chronic study, rats received DW(distilled water) or propranolol (10 mg kg-1 of body weight day-1) for 9 days. Then the concentration-response relationship of AVP and Gα mRNA expression were assessed. Propranolol pre-incubation elevated the perfusion pressure changes of collaterals in response to AVP, which was inhibited by suramin. The splenorenal shunt Gαq and Gα11 mRNA expression were enhanced by propranolol. The group treated with propranolol plus suramin had a down-regulation of Gα11 as compared with the propranolol group. Chronic propranolol treatment reduced mean arterial pressure, PP (portal pressure) and the perfusion pressure changes of collaterals to AVP. Gαs expression was up-regulated. In conclusion, propranolol pre-incubation enhanced the portalsystemic collateral AVP responsiveness in portal hypertensive rats, which was related to Gαq and Gα11 up-regulation. In contrast, the attenuated AVP responsiveness by chronic propranolol treatment was related to Gαs up-regulation. The Gα signalling pathway may be a therapeutic target to control variceal bleeding and PP in portal hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-554
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Science
Volume121
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

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