Propagation of tribrachial flames with ozone in a laminar non-premixed jet

Tsung Feng Tsai, Ying Hao Liao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Effects of ozone on the propagation characteristics of the tribrachial flame in a laminar co-flow jet are experimentally investigated. Ozone is generated by a coaxial plasma reactor which can produce a maximum O3 concentration of 2850 ppm with a power consumption of 76.5 W. A high-speed camera is employed to record the stationary and propagating flames both with and without ozone, by which the flame displacement and propagation speeds can be determined. It is shown that the flame stability characteristics are altered with the addition of O3, in which a flame with decreased lift-off height and enhanced lift-off, reattachment and blowout velocities is observed. The enhanced flame stability with O3 addition is due to an increase in flame displacement and propagation speeds. A scaling argument shows that the enhanced flame propagation speed is strongly related to the O3 kinetic enhancement on laminar flame speed. Due to the distinct flame structure, the accompanied hydrodynamic enhancement by O3 addition facilitates the tribrachial flame propagation, implying an overprediction of the O3 kinetic enhancement. The hydrodynamic enhancement with O3 presence originates from a stronger flow redirection, due to the higher sensitivity of off-stoichiometric flames to O3 enhancement on laminar flame speed, and a more slanted flame front, due to the increased velocity gradient.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110021
JournalExperimental Thermal and Fluid Science
StatePublished - 1 May 2020


  • Flame displacement speed
  • Flame propagation speed
  • Flame stabilization
  • Lifted flames
  • Ozone
  • Tribrachial flame


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