Procedure of the convolution method for estimating production yield with sample size information

W.l. Pearn, Hui-Nien Hung, Ya Ching Cheng, Gu Hong Lin

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12 Scopus citations


The yield index Spk proposed by Boyles (1994. Process capability with asymmetric tolerances. Communications in Statistics-Simulation and Computation, 23 (1), 615-643) provides an exact measure on the production yield of normal processes. Lee et al. (Lee, J.C., Hung, H.N., Pearn, W.L. and Kueng, T.L., 2002. On the distribution of the estimated process yield index S pk. Quality and Reliability Engineering International, 18 (2), 111-116) considered a normal approximation for estimating Spk. In this paper, we consider a convolution approximation for estimating S pk, and compare with the normal approximation. The comparison results show that the convolution method does provide a more accurate estimation to Spk as well as the production yield than the normal approximation. An efficient step-by-step procedure based on the convolution method is developed to illustrate how to estimate the production yield. Also investigated is the accuracy of the convolution method which provides useful information about sample size required for designated power levels, and for convergence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1245-1265
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Production Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 2010


  • Critical value
  • Power of test
  • Process capability
  • Production yield
  • Quality assurance


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