Prescription Patterns of New Use of Fixed-Dose Combination Inhalers in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Long-Acting β2 Agonists Plus Long-Acting Muscarinic Antagonists versus Long-Acting β2 Agonists Plus Inhaled Corticosteroids

Pei An Liao, Sheng Wei Pan, Chun Yu Chen, Chung Yeh Deng, Yaa Hui Dong*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The clinical guideline recommends use of long-acting β2 agonists/long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LABA/LAMA) or long-acting β2 agonists/inhaled corticosteroids (LABA/ICS) combination therapies for patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The fixed-dose combination (FDC) inhalers of LABA/LAMA and LABA/ICS were reimbursed in Taiwan in 2015 and in 2002, respectively. This study aimed to examine prescription patterns of new use of either FDC therapy in real-world practice. Methods: We identified COPD patients who initiated LABA/LAMA FDC or LABA/ICS FDC between 2015 and 2018 from a population-based Taiwanese database with 2 million, randomly sampled beneficiaries enrolled in a single-payer health insurance system. We compared number of LABA/LAMA FDC and LABA/ICS FDC initiators in each calendar year, from different hospital accreditation levels, and cared for by different physician specialties. We also compared baseline patient characteristics between LABA/ LAMA FDC and LABA/ICS FDC initiators. Results: A total of 12,455 COPD patients who initiated LABA/LAMA FDC (n=4019) or LABA/ICS FDC (n=8436) were included. Number of LABA/LAMA FDC initiators increased apparently (n=336 in 2015 versus n=1436 in 2018), but number of LABA/ICS FDC initiators decreased obviously (n=2416 in 2015 versus n=1793 in 2018) over time. The preference of use of LABA/LAMA FDC varied across clinical environments. The proportions of LABA/LAMA FDC initiators were more than 30% in the setting of non-primary care clinics (eg, medical centers) and in the services of chest physicians; but were only less than 10% in primary care clinics and non-chest physicians’ services (eg, family medicine physicians). LABA/LAMA FDC initiators appeared to be older, male, to have more comorbidities, and to utilize resources more frequently compared to LABA/ICS FDC initiators. Conclusion: This real-world study found evident temporal trends, variations in healthcare provider, and differences in patient characteristics among COPD patients who initiated LABA/LAMA FDC or LABA/ICS FDC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-563
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of COPD
Volume18
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • healthcare provider characteristics
  • LABA/ICS FDC
  • LABA/LAMA FDC
  • long-acting β2 agonists/inhaled corticosteroids fixed-dose combination
  • long-acting β2 agonists/long-acting muscarinic antagonists fixed-dose combination
  • new users
  • patient characteristics
  • temporal trends

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