Preparation and micropatterning of gold nanoparticles by femtosecond laser-induced optical breakdown

Takayuki Uwada*, Shun Fa Wang, Tsung Han Liu, Hiroshi Masuhara

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


We fabricated gold nanoparticles (NPs) via a femtosecond (fs) laser-induced cavitation bubbling. By introducing intense fs laser pulses into HAuCl4 aqueous solution containing 1-propanol, optical breakdown and the following cavitation bubble generation occurred at the focus through multiphoton absorption of water, resulting in the formation of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs). Intermediate species such as radicals and solvated electrons produced upon the bubbling contribute to gold ion reduction, while direct ionization of Au-chloride complex, photothermal decomposition and direct optical decomposition are excluded as possible mechanisms. Utilizing the fs laser-induced bubbling we demonstrate in-situ micropatterning of Au NPs on a substrate from the same HAuCl4 aqueous solution containing 1-propanol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-186
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2017


  • Femtosecond laser
  • Gold nanoparticles
  • Micropatterning
  • Multiphoton absorption
  • Optical breakdown


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