Predicting the Wafer Material Removal Rate for Semiconductor Chemical Mechanical Polishing Using a Fusion Network

Chien Liang Liu*, Chun Jan Tseng, Wen Hoar Hsaio, Sheng Hao Wu, Shu Rong Lu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Predicting the wafer material removal rate (MRR) is an important step in semiconductor manufacturing for total quality control. This work proposes a deep learning model called a fusion network to predict the MRR, in which we consider separating features into shallow and deep features and use the characteristics of deep learning to perform a fusion of these two kinds of features. In the proposed model, the deep features go through a sequence of nonlinear transformations and the goal is to learn the complex interactions among the features to obtain the deep feature embeddings. Additionally, the proposed method is flexible and can incorporate domain knowledge into the model by encoding the knowledge as shallow features. Once the learning of deep features is completed, the proposed model uses the shallow features and the learned deep feature embeddings to obtain new features for the subsequent layers. This work performs experiments on a dataset from the 2016 Prognostics and Health Management Data Challenge. The experimental results show that the proposed model outperforms the competition winner and three ensemble learning methods. The proposed method is a single model, whereas the comparison methods are ensemble models. Besides the experimental results, we conduct extensive experiments to analyze the proposed method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11478
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • chemical mechanical polishing (CMP)
  • deep learning
  • fusion network
  • material removal rate (MRR)
  • semiconductor manufacturing


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