Predicting the competitive relationships of industrial production between Taiwan and China using Lotka–Volterra model

Bi-Huei Tsai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This work is the first to apply Lotka–Volterra model combined with genetic algorithm (GA) to predict the production relationships of high-tech industry among different areas. Previous studies analysed the trade interdependency among various countries, but few studies have highlighted the quantitative evidence of production relationships. Thus, this study utilizes motherboard shipment volumes to predict the competitive relationships of industrial production on both sides of the Taiwan Strait. Specifically, this work uses simultaneous non-linear least square regression in combination with GAs for numerical parameter optimization of the proposed Lotka–Volterra model. The results of parameter estimation reveal that shipment growth in China substantially promotes that in Taiwan, whereas the shipment growth in Taiwan curtails that in China. The standard deviation of the estimated parameters from the 3000 iterated simulations is small, confirming the reliability and stability of our parameter estimations. According to equilibrium analysis, the results of Lyapunov function prove that the shipments of China and Taiwan will reach a stable long-term equilibrium. The potential production from China will ultimately be nearly 16 times as large as that from Taiwan. Finally, the analytical results of forecast accuracy confirm that Lotka–Volterra model performs better than conventional S-curve diffusion model in predicting motherboard shipments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2428-2442
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Economics
Issue number25
StatePublished - 28 May 2017


  • China
  • equilibrium analysis
  • forecast accuracy
  • Lotka–Volterra model
  • Lyapunov function


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