Predictability of the preoperative lateral fulcrum radiograph of success in one-level vertebroplasty to treat painful osteoporotic vertebral fracture

Yu Chuan Chang, Yu Cheng Yao, Hsi Hsien Lin, Shih Tien Wang, Ming Chau Chang, Po Hsin Chou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Restoration of height or angle has been reported following vertebroplasty (VP). The purpose of the study was to investigate the predictive value of the preoperative lateral fulcrum radiograph (LFR) of success in one-level VP for painful osteoporotic vertebral fracture. METHODS: From January 2017 to January 2018, 71 patients (mean age, 76 years) receiving VP were retrospectively analyzed. Painful vertebra was defined as pseudarthrosis or edematous change in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Fulcrum flexibility (FF) and fulcrum restoration index (FRI) of the vertebral wedge angle (VWA), regional kyphotic angle (RKA), and anterior vertebral body height (AVBH) were investigated. Back pain was evaluated using a visual analogue scale. RESULTS: The 30 males and 41 females were followed for an average of 21 months. The sensitivity of LFR and MRI to detect pseudarthrosis was 92% and 97%, respectively. Preoperative FF of VWA, RKA, and AVBH was 52.4%, 58.3%, and 60%, respectively, indicating similar potential restoration ability. Postoperative average FRI for VWA, RKA, and AVBH was 1.29 ± 2.98, 0.46 ± 1.16, and 1.04 ± 1.68, respectively. Final average FRI was 0.94 ± 2.96, -0.03 ± 2.25, and 0.6 ± 2.04, respectively. VWA and AVBH had better immediate restoration, and VWA had better final maintenance. All parameters progressive lost significant levels of restoration to similar degrees but without increase in back pain. CONCLUSION: LFR can help with evaluation for pseudarthrosis and the restoration effect of VP. VP had better immediate restoration of VWA and AVBH and better final VWA maintenance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-135
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Chinese Medical Association
Volume85
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022

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