Port institutional responses and sustainability performance: a moderated mediation model

Hsu Li Tsai, Chin Shan Lu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Drawing on the theory of institution, this research investigated the effects of institutional responses, employees’ sustainability behavior, and sustainability transformational leadership on sustainability performance at seaports. Data were collected from 296 employees of port corporations in Taiwan, and a moderated mediation model was developed. Using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, this study identified four port institutional response dimensions: coercive policy, normative training, communication, and motivation. The results showed that sustainability transformational leadership, employees’ sustainability behavior, and port institutional responses positively affect sustainability performance. Employees’ sustainability behavior plays a mediating role between sustainability transformational leadership and sustainability performance. Specifically, this study found that port institutional responses play a moderated mediation effect on the relationship between sustainability transformational leadership and sustainability performance through employees’ sustainability behavior. Lastly, implications for port sustainability practices and institution theory are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1075-1096
Number of pages22
JournalMaritime Policy and Management
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • employee sustainability behavior
  • Port institution
  • sustainability performance
  • sustainability transformational leadership

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