Plasma globotriaosylsphingosine (lysoGb3) could be a biomarker for Fabry disease with a Chinese hotspot late-onset mutation (IVS4+919G>A)

Hsuan Chieh Liao, Yu Hsiu Huang, Yann Jang Chen, Shu Min Kao, Hsiang Yu Lin, Chun Kai Huang, Hao Chuan Liu, Ting Rong Hsu, Shuan Pei Lin, Chia Feng Yang, Cathy S.J. Fann, Pao Chin Chiu, Kai Sheng Hsieh, Yun Ching Fu, Yu Yuan Ke, Ching Yuang Lin, Fuu Jen Tsai, Chung Hsing Wang, Mei Chyn Chao, Wen Chung YuChuan Chi Chiang*, Dau Ming Niu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Previous studies revealed a high incidence of late-onset Fabry disease mutation, IVS4. +. 919G>A, in Taiwan. However, the natural course is largely unclear and suitable biomarkers for monitoring disease progress are unavailable. Methods and results: Patients carrying IVS4. +. 919G>A or classical Fabry mutations were enrolled in this study. The subjects ranged from newborn to eighty year old adults. Plasma globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) and globotriaosylsphingosine (lysoGb3) were measured by LC-MS/MS in subjects to evaluate the sensitivity of these two biomarkers. All adult males and symptomatic females could be distinguished from healthy controls by an elevated plasma lysoGb3 level. The lysoGb3 level was also related to the left ventricular mass considering gender and age (p<. 0.01). Moreover, approximately 70% of male and 45% of female newborns already had an elevated plasma lysoGb3 level which increased gradually as the subjects got older (p<. 0.01). Conclusions: Plasma lysoGb3 is a more sensitive and reliable biomarker than plasma Gb3. LysoGb3 also correlated with age and left ventricular mass index in Fabry patients with IVS4. +. 919G>A mutation. Because lots of infants with the IVS4. +. 919G>A mutation already had elevated lysoGb3 levels at birth, that indicates that the development of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may require a long and insidious course after lysoGb3 accumulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-120
Number of pages7
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Volume426
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Fabry disease
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • LysoGb3
  • Newborn screening

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