Planning for hazardous campus waste collection

Kun Hsing Liu, Shao Yang Shih, Jehng-Jung Kao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


This study examines a procedure developed for planning a nation-wide hazardous campus waste (HCW) collection system. Alternative HCW plans were designed for different collection frequencies, truckloads, storage limits, and also for establishing an additional transfer station. Two clustering methods were applied to group adjacent campuses into clusters based on their locations, HCW quantities, the type of vehicles used and collection frequencies. Transportation risk, storage risk, and collection cost are the major criteria used to evaluate the feasibility of each alternative. Transportation risk is determined based on the accident rates for each road type and collection distance, while storage risk is calculated by estimating the annual average HCW quantity stored on campus. Alternatives with large trucks can reduce both transportation risk and collection cost, but their storage risks would be significantly increased. Alternatives that collect neighboring campuses simultaneously can effectively reduce storage risks as well as collection cost if the minimum quantity to collect for each group of neighboring campuses can be properly set. The three transfer station alternatives evaluated for northern Taiwan are cost effective and involve significantly lower transportation risk. The procedure proposed is expected to facilitate decision making and to support analyses for formulating a proper nation-wide HCW collection plan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-370
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 15 May 2011


  • Campus hazardous waste
  • Clustering analysis
  • Collection system planning
  • Environmental systems analysis
  • Optimization


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