Perovskite Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells Employing Electron Injection/Transport Layers of Ionic Transition Metal Complexes

Wen Lu Kang, Yi Ting Tsai, Yan Cheng Ji, Rong Huei Yi, Yun Xin Wang, Hsiang Ling Shen, Xuan Jun Chen, Yu Cheng Hsu, Chin Wei Lu, Zu Po Yang, Hai-Ching Su*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Recently, perovskites have attracted intense attention due to their high potential in optoelectronic applications. Employing perovskites as the emissive materials of light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs) shows the advantages of simple fabrication process, low-voltage operation, and compatibility with inert electrodes, along with saturated electroluminescence (EL) emission. Unlike in previously reported perovskite LECs, in which salts are incorporated in the emissive layer, the ion-transport layer was separated from the emissive layer in this work. The layer of ionic transition metal complex (iTMC) not only provides mobile ions but also serves as an electron-injection/transport layer. Orthogonal solvents are used in spin coating to prevent the intermixing of stacked perovskite and iTMC layers. The blue iTMC with high ionization potential is effective in blocking holes from the emissive layer and thus ensures EL color saturation. In addition, the carrier balance of the perovskite/iTMC LECs can be optimized by adjusting the iTMC layer thickness. The optimized external quantum efficiency of the CsPbBr3/iTMC LEC reaches 6.8 %, which is among the highest reported values for perovskite LECs. This work successfully demonstrates that, compared with mixing all components in a single emissive layer, separating the layer of ion transport, electron injection and transport from the perovskite emissive layer is more effective in adjusting device carrier balance. As such, solution-processable perovskite/iTMC LECs open up a new way to realize efficient perovskite LECs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
StateAccepted/In press - 2021


  • electrochemistry
  • ionic transition metal complexes
  • iridium
  • light-emitting electrochemical cells
  • perovskites


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