Performance comparison of InGaN-based 40–80 μm micro-LEDs fabricated with and without plasma etching

Yu Yun Lo, Yi Ho Chen, Yun Cheng Hsu, Tzu Yi Lee, Yu Ying Hung, Yu Cheng Kao, Hsiao Wen Zan, Dong Sing Wuu, Hao Chung Kuo, Seiji Samukawa, Ray Hua Horng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The fabrication of InGaN-based blue 4✕4 array micro-LEDs (μLEDs) with 40 μm ✕40 μm chip size and 2✕2 array μLEDs with 80 μm ✕80 μm chip size etching by the inductive coupled plasma reactive ion etching (ICPRIE) and defect-free neutral beam etching (NBE) processes was studied in this work. In μLEDs of this size, the influence of defects formation in the sidewalls on EQE was evaluated. There was almost no difference in EQE between μLEDs array etched by the NBE process no matter 40 μm ✕40 μm and 80 μm ✕80 μm, but the dependence was observed in the ICPRIE. Even with this size, it was found that the size effect of EQE is smaller than that in case of using ICPRIE for defect-free neutral beam etching. This impact is substantial since μLED predominantly operated at low current density, around 1–5 A/cm2. Consequently, the reduction of defect density, encompassing both internal and sidewall defects, becomes imperative even in 40–80 μm InGaN-based μLEDs. This not only improves the overall efficiency of μLEDs but also fortifies the brightness stability of μLED displays if process etching by NBE. It was also found that the etching shape had an influence on EQE. It could be attributed to fact that the etching profile angle of NBE was more vertical than that of ICPRIE. Because the different angles of the mesa resulted in different light intensity. The μLEDs emitting with a wavelength of 450 nm, the light extraction efficiency and intensity at a mesa angle 58° of NBE etching μLEDs was about 8% lower than those of an angle (38°) of ICPRIE etching μLEDs by simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100485
JournalMaterials Today Advances
StatePublished - Jun 2024


  • micro-LEDs (μLEDs)
  • neutral beam etching (NBE)


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