Parental involvement and educational performance among Taiwanese adolescents: Comparing dual-earner and single-earner families

Yi Ping Shih, Wen Hsu Lin, Chin Chun Yi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter aims to delineate the indigenous pattern of parental involvement in Taiwan by investigating the effects of specific practices in schools and in the family, such as school selection, school involvement, preparing a study place at home, and providing nutritious food. We use two waves of data from the Taiwan Youth Project (2000, 2003) to examine how parental involvement varies between dual-and single-earner families, and we further demonstrate how sons and daughters have different access in terms of recognizing their parents’ effort, and how children’s subjective appraisals promote their academic performance with respect to test scores. We find that dual-earner families have higher incomes, higher educational levels, and have fewer children than single-earner ones. Our multivariate analyses show that parental involvement does increase youngsters’ Basic Competence Test (BCT) score. However, we are unable to find any direct or indirect effects from parental employment status on BCT scores. Further analysis indicates that the relationship between parental school involvement and BCT score is only significant among dual-earner families, but not for the single-earner ones. In addition, our multiple group analysis reveals that sons’ BCT scores are affected more by parents’ school involvement, whereas daughters’ are affected more by special home provision. Our findings from adolescents’ subjective responses imply that sons may be more responsive to a non-familial context in contrast with daughters, who react more positively to familial provision.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationContemporary Perspectives in Family Research
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Number of pages27
StatePublished - 2018

Publication series

NameContemporary Perspectives in Family Research
ISSN (Print)1530-3535


  • Adolescent examination score
  • Dual-earner family
  • Educational performance
  • Gender
  • Parental involvement
  • Taiwan


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