Paradoxical aging changes of the atrioventricular nodal properties in patients with atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia

Tzu Wei Tseng, Yu Feng Hu, Chin Feng Tsai, Hsuan Ming Tsao, Ching Tai Tai, Yenn Jiang Lin, Shih Lin Chang, Li Wei Lo, Pi Chang Lee, Cheng Hung Li, Tze Fan Chao, Kazuyoshi Suenari, Yung Kuo Lin, Chern En Chiang, Shih Ann Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Background: This study aimed to investigate the impact of aging on electrophysiological characteristics in patients with atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia (AVNRT). Methods and Results: The 2,111 patients who underwent an electrophysiological study and radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of AVNRT were enrolled. The patients were divided into 4 groups according to age (group 1: <20 years; group 2: 20-39 years; group 3: 40-59 years; and group 4:≥60 years). The gender distribution differed with age. The atrio-Hisian interval, and effective refractory periods (ERP) of the right atrium, ventricle, antegrade slow pathway, retrograde slow pathway and fast pathway, and tachycardia cycle length all increased with age. However, a paradoxical change in the fast pathway ERP was noted. The fast pathway ERP was significantly longer in group 2 than in other groups, and was associated with the largest tachycardia window. The response to catecholamines was similar between different age groups. Procedure time, radiation time, and complications did not differ. However, the number of RF impulses was higher in group 2 compared with other groups (7.6±9.3, P=0.04), which might imply a differing complexity during the ablation. Conclusions: Paradoxical aging changes of AVN electrophysiological characteristics were associated with a different atrioventricular nodal conduction property and the number of RF impulses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1581-1584
Number of pages4
JournalCirculation Journal
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2011


  • Age
  • Atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia
  • Catheter ablation


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