p-Tetrafluorophenylene Divinylene-Bridged Nonfullerene Acceptors as Binary Components or Additives for High-Efficiency Organic Solar Cells

Cheng Ming Hsieh, Min Ru Chuang, Yuto Yamada, Chun Jen Su, Yuan Jay Chang, Michihisa Murata, U. Ser Jeng, Shih Ching Chuang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, we designed, synthesized, and characterized an A-D-A′-D-A-type indacenodithienothiophene (IDTT)-based molecular acceptor that exhibited a broader absorption range and higher lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energy level with a nearly comparable band gap compared to a well-known electron acceptor IT-M. The designed electron-deficient molecular acceptor FB-2IDTT-4Cl with a fluorinated benzene tether (FB), that is, p-tetrafluorophenylene divinylene, demonstrated long-wavelength absorption and high hole and electron charge mobility in the thin films blended with the electron donor PBDB-T for an inverted organic photovoltaic (OPV) binary device, resulting in a maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 11.4%. Such a performance is comparably as high as that of the device with PBDB-T:IT-M, and particularly, it was 18.8% higher than that of the devices with ITIC-4Cl as the acceptor (PCE 9.1% ± 0.5%) and 24.9% higher than that of the devices with the thiophene-flanked benzothiadiazole-bridged acceptor CNDTBT-IDTT-FINCN (PCE 9.01% ± 0.13%). Furthermore, varying the illumination intensity from 200 to 2000 lux increased the Jsc and Voc values as well as the FF values, thus leading to increased PCE levels. In addition, the best PCE of the PM6:Y6 device with 1% FB-2IDTT-4Cl as additives was 16.9%. Our stability test showed that the PM6:Y6 standard device efficiency downgraded very soon either at room temperature or under thermal-annealing conditions. However, with the addition of 1% FB-2IDTT-4Cl as additives, the device efficiency still can be maintained at 90-95% in 500 h at room temperature and 95% at 20 h and 85-95% in 45 h at an annealing temperature of 80 °C. These findings demonstrate FB-2IDTT-4Cl to be a promising candidate as an electron acceptor with a fluorinated π-bridging fused-ring design for OPV applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61473-61486
Number of pages14
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume13
Issue number51
DOIs
StatePublished - 29 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • fused-ring
  • indoor application
  • nonfullerene
  • organic solar cell
  • π-bridge

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