The aim of this study was to compare the clinical effects of osteotome sinus floor elevation (OSFE) combined with concentrated growth factor (CGF) and simultaneous implant placement with or without bone grafting in the maxillary posterior region, where the residual bone height (RBH) was 4–6 mm. A total of 44 patients who underwent OSFE combined with CGF and the simultaneous placement of 60 implants (group A, 31 implants with bone grafting; group B, 29 implants without bone grafting) were included in this retrospective study. The clinical indicators of implants were observed for 24 months. Sinus floor lift height was 6.02 ± 0.99 mm in group A and 5.81 ± 0.72 mm in group B (P = 0.360) after surgery. There was no significant difference in the vertical bone resorption between the two groups at 24 months (P = 0.097). Postoperative pain at 14 days (visual analogue scale) was significantly greater in patients with bone grafting when compared to those without bone grafting (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in marginal bone loss (MBL) between the two groups (P = 0.707 for MBL during the first 12 months, P = 0.922 for MBL during months 12–24). The implant success rate was 100% with or without bone grafting. The technique of OSFE with CGF, either with or without bone grafting, is safe and reliable in patients with RBH 4–6 mm.
|Journal||International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2022|
- bone grafting
- Bone regeneration
- dental implant
- growth factors
- sinus floor augmentation