Optimizing Resource Allocation With High-Reliability Constraint for Multicasting Automotive Messages in 5G NR C-V2X Networks

Kuan Lin Chen, Wei Yu Chen, Ren Hung Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Cellular vehicle-to-everything (C-V2X) has been continuously evolving since Release 14 of the 3 rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) for future autonomous vehicles. Apart from automotive safety, 5 G NR further bring new capabilities to C-V2X for autonomous driving, such as real-time local update, and coordinated driving. These capabilities rely on the provision of low latency and high reliability from 5 G NR. Among them, a basic demand is broadcasting or multicasting environment update messages, such as cooperative perception data, with high reliability and low latency from a Road Side Unit (RSU) or a base station (BS). In other words, broadcasting multiple types of automotive messages with high reliability and low latency is one of the key issues in 5 G NR C-V2X. In this work, we consider how to select Modulation and Coding Scheme (MCS), RSU/BS, Forward Error Correction (FEC) code rate, to maximize the system utility, which is a function of message delivery reliability. We formulate the optimization problem as a nonlinear integer programming problem. Since the optimization problem is NP-hard, we propose an approximation algorithm, referred to as the Hyperbolic Successive Convex Approximation (HSCA) algorithm, which uses the successive convex approximation to find the optimal solution. In our simulations, we compare the performance of HSCA with those of three algorithms respectively, including the baseline algorithm, the heuristic algorithm, and the optimal solution. Our simulation results show that HSCA outperforms the baseline and the heuristic algorithms and is very competitive to the optimal solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • 5G
  • automotive safety
  • multicast
  • optimal resource allocation
  • V2X


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