Nurses’ perspectives on child-friendly care needs in emergency departments: A qualitative study

Jao Shwann Liang, Hui Yu Lin, Yen Ju Chen, Fei Chen Lai, Hsin Ming Liu, Chiu Yueh Yang, Yueh Tao Chiang, Chi Wen Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Children can become anxious when undergoing emergency medical treatment. Therefore, emergency departments should be child friendly. This study explored emergency nurses’ perspectives on children's needs during emergency care. Method: This qualitative study employed purposive sampling to recruit 17 emergency nurses from 3 medical centers in northern and central Taiwan. Individual interviews were conducted between January and August 2021. Data were analyzed through qualitative content analysis. Results: The participants had 2–23 years of experience in caring for children in emergency departments. We identified 208 unique meaning units in the interview data, 79 of which were related to child-friendly emergency care. These were classified into 42 codes across 6 categories and 27 subcategories. The six categories were timely comfort, emotional care, frontline safety, emergency response, human resources support, and treatment efficiency. Conclusion: Emergency nurses have professional competencies, play a crucial role as care providers for children in the emergency department, and ensure the comfort and safety of children seeking treatment. The categories related to child-friendly emergency care identified in this study can serve as a basis for developing child-friendly care emergency guidelines.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101402
JournalInternational Emergency Nursing
StatePublished - Mar 2024


  • Child
  • Emergency department
  • Needs
  • Nurses
  • Qualitative research


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