Numerical and experimental investigation of HDPE hybrid propulsion with dual vortical-flow chamber designs

Guan Rong Lai, Shih Sin Wei, Tzu Hao Chou, Jhe Wei Lin, Jong Shinn Wu, Yen Sen Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Hybrid rocket combustion has been often considered inefficient mainly due to its diffusion flame nature, which often leads to excessively lengthy chamber design that is an undesirable configuration to future application. Thus, how to shorten the chamber size but maintain high combustion efficiency becomes critical for the future research and development of hybrid rocket propulsion. In the present study, we would like to numerically and experimentally investigate a compact HDPE hybrid propulsion system with dual vortical-flow chamber design to possibly mitigate the problem. This design concept features counter-rotating injections of nitrous oxide into the chamber, which can increase the residence time and mixing as well as automatic roll control. In the present study, a 3-D computational model with finite-rate chemistry and radiative heat transfer effects with parallel computing are used to assess the mixing effectiveness and combustion efficiency of the present design. The internal ballistics and flame structure in hybrid rocket motors using HDPE fuel with nitrous oxide are investigated. A series of static-burn tests are performed to verify the designs and simulations. The preliminary results show that vacuum Isp of the tests for ~300 kgf of thrust can reach 270 seconds. Ground tests and simulations results of combustor with 1,000 and 3,000 kgf of thrust will be presented in the meeting.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication51st AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624103216
StatePublished - 2015
Event51st AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, 2015 - Orlando, United States
Duration: 27 Jul 201529 Jul 2015

Publication series

Name51st AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference


Conference51st AIAA/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference, 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Dual-vortical-flow chamber
  • Finite-rate chemistry
  • Hybrid rocket propulsion
  • Real-fluid model
  • Static-burn test


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