Nucleate pool boiling heat transfer from high-flux tube with dielectric fluid HFE-7200

Abhishek Kumar, Kuo Shu Hung, Chi-Chuan Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


In the present experimental study, nucleate pool boiling heat transfer measurements of two high-flux tubes (sample A and sample B) were conducted at atmospheric pressure with HFE- 7200 as the working fluid. Both high-flux tubes were made from a sintered Cu-Ni (high-flux) tube. The porous high-flux surface was coated inside the test tube with heat flux ranging from 2.6 to 86 kW/m2. The major difference between sample A and sample B was the coating thickness, where sample B (0.6 mm) was much larger than that of sample A (0.07 mm). Both tubes showed about three times enhancement in heat transfer coefficient (HTC) when compared to plain tube. Even though sample B contained a higher HTC than sample A, it also revealed a faster level-off phenomenon regarding the HTC vs. wall superheat. The major parameter which characterizes the boiling performance of high-flux tube was the ratio of coating thickness to pore diameter which also yielded different trends upon HTC vs. wall superheat amid sample A and B. It was found that the porous based Nishikawa correlation can well predict the performance of sample A but not sample B. This is because the ratio of coating thickness to pore diameter is far outside the applicable range of the Nishikawa correlation. Hence, a modified Nishikawa correlation is proposed. The predicted capability of the proposed modified Nishikawa correlation against sample A and sample for HTC was within ±28% deviation. The standard mean deviation of the Nishikawa correlation with experimental data for sample A and sample B was 0.302 (12.48%) and 5.64 (73%), respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberen13092313
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 2020


  • Heat transfer coefficient
  • High-flux tube
  • Pool boiling
  • Porous surface


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