Novel 1-Bit Beam-Scanning Reflectarray With Switchable Linear, Left-Handed, or Right-Handed Circular Polarization

Jianjia Hu, Pei Ling Chi*, Tao Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article proposes a novel reconfigurable reflectarray (RRA) with 1 bit beam scanning and switchable linear, left-handed (LH) circular, or right-handed (RH) circular polarization. To realize a multipolarization switchable RRA fed by a horn of arbitrarily fixed polarization, the unit cell's reflection phases in $x$ - and $y$ -directions are independently controlled to meet the required differential phase in each state. Explicit reflection-phase relation will be given for switching from one polarization to another while fulfilling the 1 bit beam scanning. A $10\times 10$ RRA was prototyped with each unit cell using only two p-i-n diodes to implement dual functions. The fabricated RRA was tested and it can experimentally demonstrate 2-D beam scanning and polarization switching among 45°/135° linear polarization and LH/RH circular polarization. In circular polarization, the measured peak gain, aperture efficiency, and 1 dB gain bandwidth are 17.2 dBic, 26%, and 8.2%, respectively. In linear polarization, the measured cross-polarization discrimination (XPD) of greater than 15 dB, peak gain of 16.8 dBi, aperture efficiency of 23.9%, and 1 dB bandwidth of 5.3% are obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1548-1556
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Volume71
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2023

Keywords

  • Beam scanning
  • linear polarization
  • p-i-n diode
  • reconfigurable
  • reflectarray
  • right-/left-handed (RH/LH) circular polarization
  • switchable polarization

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