Night-time electromechanical activation time, pulsatile hemodynamics, and discharge outcomes in patients with acute heart failure

Chun Chin Chang, Shih Hsien Sung, Wen Chung Yu, Hao Min Cheng, Chen Huan Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Aims: Both electromechanical activation time (EMAT) and pulsatile hemodynamics measured during the hospitalization course are useful in the prediction of cardiovascular outcomes in patients with acute heart failure syndrome (AHFS). We investigated whether night-time monitoring of EMAT with the ambulatory acoustic cardiography is superior to the measures of pulsatile hemodynamics for prediction of AHFS post-discharge outcomes. Methods and results: A total of 97 patients (71.1 ± 15.4 years old, 81% male, and 73.8% systolic heart failure) hospitalized for AHFS were included. Before discharge, 24 h ambulatory acoustic cardiography and a comprehensive echocardiographic and pulsatile hemodynamic study were performed to assess the mean 24 h, daytime, and night-time EMAT, carotid systolic blood pressure (SBP) and pulse pressure (PP), amplitude of the reflected pressure wave from a decomposed carotid pressure wave (Pb), and carotid–femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), in addition to measurement of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels. During a mean follow-up of 389 ± 281 days, 49 patients (50.5%) experienced events including re-hospitalization for heart failure, myocardial infarction, stroke, or death. Pulsatile hemodynamics, including carotid SBP and PP and Pb, but not cfPWV, and night-time EMAT, but not daytime EMAT, significantly predicted post-discharge events when age and NT-proBNP were accounted for (all P < 0.05). In a final model with adjustment for age and NT-proBNP, night-time EMAT, but not Pb, significantly predicted post-discharge events [hazard ratio per 1 SD and 95% confidence intervals: 1.33 (1.05–1.69), P < 0.05]. Conclusion: Pre-discharge night-time EMAT may be a better predictor for post-discharge adverse events than the measures of the pulsatile hemodynamics in patients with AHFS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-193
Number of pages10
JournalESC Heart Failure
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2015


  • Acute heart failure
  • Night-time EMAT


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